The time of completion/start/end of any state is displayed in the reports in the format specified in the General section of a report template.
In the tables that include the duration of a state, the hours may not be combined into days (if the interval is longer than 24 hours). It means that instead of 5 days 12:34:56 it is displayed as 132:34:56. To disable days and leave only hours, select the hours:minutes:seconds duration format in the table properties of the report template. This option does not only affect the formatting in the cells, but also the row Total. Moreover, the duration may be shown in the format of hours (with two decimal places). For instance, 3.45 instead of 3:27. This is done by means of activating the hours (with two decimal places) option.
If grouping is used, a table receives additional column (Grouping) which displays the time in the following way:
- grouping by years shows corresponding years (for example, 2015);
- grouping by months shows the names of the months (for example, August);
- grouping by weeks shows the number of the week in a year (for example, week 10; note that the first week is considered to be the first full week in a year.)
- grouping by day of the week shows the corresponding day (for example, Friday);
- grouping by day of the month shows the corresponding day (from day 1 to day 31);
- grouping by dates shows the corresponding date in the format selected in the advanced settings of the report template;
- grouping by shifts shows the corresponding shift (for example, shift 1).
To receive reliable data for time/duration, it is important to correctly indicate the Time zone and DST options in the user settings.
The information about the unit location is displayed in the following table columns: Initial location, Final location, Initial coordinates, Final coordinates, Location. If there is no data about the unit location at the moment of a certain event or at the beginning or end of a certain state, the report displays the last known location within the indicated interval.
Mileage can appear in reports on trips, geofences, trips between geofences, speedings, digital sensors, etc., as well as in statistics and processed fuel level chart.
Mileage is calculated according to the method selected for the mileage counter on the General tab of the unit properties. Besides, mileage can also depend on the trip detector because the intervals of movement and parkings are detected by it.
Mileage can be ordinary or adjusted. The adjusted mileage may be useful to coordinate the mileage detected by the program and mileage detected by the vehicle itself. The correction coefficient is set in the unit properties on the Advanced tab.
Report tables and statistics can contain different mileage data.
|Mileage in all messages||The full mileage without any filtration by the trip detector. It is always the longest mileage because it also includes all adjustment of data.|
|Mileage in trips||The total mileage of all movement intervals found according to the trip detector.|
|Mileage (adjusted)||The mileage in trips multiplied by the correction coefficient.|
|Mileage in engine hours||The mileage in the intervals of engine hours.|
|Urban mileage||The distance travelled at the speed which is considered as the speed in populated areas.|
|Suburban mileage||The distance travelled at the speed which is considered as the speed outside populated areas. Urban speed limit is a setting in the unit properties which defines if the unit is moving in the urban area or outside of it.|
Depending on the table type, it can mean the mileage at the beginning of the trip, violations, visit of the geofence and other report intervals. For details, see the description of the corresponding table.
|Final mileage||Depending on the table type, it can mean the mileage at the end of the trip, violations, visit of the geofence and other report intervals. For details, see the description of the corresponding table.|
|Mileage counter||The absolute mileage (the mileage counter value at the moment of the report generation).|
In many tabular reports, mileage can be displayed. It can be calculated either by all messages or by messages in trips. Choice of the method of calculation is defined by the Mileage from trips only option in the General section of the Report template dialog.
By default, mileage values are displayed with accuracy to two decimal places. You can select other options of rounding mileage values in the user settings. Measurement units for speed and mileage (kilometers and kilometers per hour or miles and miles per hour) are selected in the additional settings of the Report template dialog.
The average and maximum speed values can be included in the same reports as the mileage: trips, geofences, trips between geofences, speedings, digital sensors. Note that the average speed directly depends on the mileage because it is calculated by dividing mileage by duration (for example, distance travelled with a sensor on divided by the duration of an on the state. That is why a situation can happen when the average speed is zero and the maximum speed is a positive number. It can happen (1) if the duration of a state is zero (see explanation above); (2) if the mileage is zero (the unit was parked or the mileage counter is set incorrectly); (3) if the mileage is insignificant, for example, 0,01, and the result of the division is smaller than 1. Note that mileage can be calculated either by all messages or by trips only (the option in the settings of a report), and this obviously affects the resulting values of the average speed.
The Maximum speed has nothing to do with the mileage and any counters. To calculate the maximum speed within an interval, all messages which get to this interval are analyzed and the largest speed value is selected and displayed in the corresponding cell.
The speed is given only in integer numbers.
When the intervals of speeding are displayed in the reports, it is necessary to take into account the peculiarities of determining them in the tables Speedings and Eco driving. Into the tabular report Speeding fall the intervals the speed on which was higher than the one received as a result of summing up the values of the speed limit and the tolerance on speed limit indicated on the Advanced tab of the unit properties. Into the table Eco driving fall the intervals the speed on which was equal or higher than the one indicated in the option Min. value for the Speeding criterion on the Eco driving tab of the unit properties.
Many reports can provide information about the fuel: fuel level (initial/final), the volume of filled/drained/registered/consumed fuel, average consumption, etc.
In most cases to receive the information about the fuel, you need the unit to have corresponding sensors installed. They should be configured on the Sensors tab of the unit properties.
The following abbreviations are used:
- FLS — fuel level sensor;
- ImpFCS — impulse fuel consumption sensor;
- AbsFCS — absolute fuel consumption sensor;
- InsFCS — instant fuel consumption sensor.
Without special fuel sensors, you can control the fuel in the following ways:
- register fillings manually in the Monitoring panel;
- use the calculation of the fuel consumption by rates;
- use the mathematical calculation of the fuel consumption that is based on the consumption rates from the ignition, relative or absolute engine hours sensors multiplied by the values of the engine efficiency sensors (if any). The latter can be used for taking into account the load, the movement in urban and suburban cycles and the work during different seasons.
The consumption by math does not require fuel sensors. The consumption rates and coefficients indicated in the properties of the ignition and engine efficiency sensors are multiplied by time.
In a report template, several methods of calculating fuel can be selected simultaneously. In this case, a separate column is generated for each method. Moreover, if there are several sensors of the same type, then a separate column is generated for each of them. If you want a certain sensor to be used for the fuel calculation, enter its name mask in the Sensor masks filter of the parameters of the table. If in the report template you select columns that do not correspond to the unit's properties, zeros are displayed in the cells of the resulting report.
In the statistics, there is no possibility to show the information for each sensor separately. In such rows as Avg consumption ..., Consumed by ..., Rates deviation ..., etc. you can get only one value for each type of a fuel sensor (FLS/ImpFCS/AbsFCS/InsFCS). That is why the consumed fuel (Consumed by ...) in the statistics is the sum of the sensors of this type, and the average consumption (Avg consumption ...) is the arithmetic average of those sensors. However, the calculation of the deviation from rates (Rates deviation ...) depends on the adjustments of the sensors. If a unit has two sensors of the same type, the deviation from rates is calculated for each sensor separately, but for the statistics (as it can be only one row) the sum of those deviations is shown. Thus, the formula is:
Rates deviation = (Consumed by FLS1 — Consumed by rates) + (Consumed by FLS2 — Consumed by rates)
The fuel consumption detected by FLS, as well as the average consumption according to FLS, can be calculated including fuel drains or excluding them. This is adjusted in the settings of a report template (enable the Exclude drains from fuel consumption option). Depending on this option, you can get the summarized information about fuel consumption or the information about the fuel consumed by the vehicle.
By default, the fuel level as well as the volume of fillings, drains and consumed fuel are displayed with accuracy to two decimal places. You can select other options of rounding fuel values in the user settings.
If the U.S. measurement units are selected, the fuel is measured in gallons and the average consumption — in mpg (miles per gallon), unlike the European system where the average consumption is measured in l/100km (liters per 100 kilometers).
The fuel calculation algorithms process messages taking into account the filtration configured in the General settings block in the properties of the fuel level sensor (the Filter sensor values option).
During the mathematical calculation, fuel consumption is computed separately for each pair of messages.
The following algorithm is used:
- The status of each engine sensor (engine ignition, absolute and relative engine hours sensors) in the current message is determined.
- For the operating sensors, the values indicated in the Consumption, l/h field of their properties are summed.
- The values of the engine efficiency sensors are calculated.
- The received values are summed according to the formula k1 + (k2 - 1) + (k3 - 1) + … + (kn – 1). In that way, the coefficient is formed. If the sum of the coefficients is less than 0 or invalid, the total coefficient is 1.
- To determine the current fuel consumption of the unit, the value from point 2 is multiplied by the value of point 4.
- The value from the previous message till the current one is multiplied by the value from point 5.
- The consumption for each message pair for the indicated interval is summed and in that way, the fuel consumption is determined by the consumption math.
During the calculation by math for FLS, the engine sensors bound to the FLS as well as the engine efficiency sensors bound to these engine sensors are taken into account. If there is no FLS configured for a unit, fuel consumption is calculated on the basis of all the engine and engine efficiency sensors created for the unit.
Questions and answers
Different algorithms are used when processing messages for the mobile application and the Wialon reports. In some cases, the results of processing may differ. See more about the reasons for such discrepancies.
Possible explanations and actions:
1. Outliers of data.
To detect such outliers, build a track of unit movement for the appropriate period. Outliers of data will be seen on the track as dashed lines.
Ways to overcome outliers:
- Enable filtration of unit positional information in messages (on the Advanced tab of unit properties). This will not affect old messages but applied to new ones.
- To correct data in reports, change settings of trip detection, in particular, reduce Maximum interval between messages and increase Minimum satellites.
2. Incorrect settings or operation of the mileage counter.
- Check the mileage counter settings on the General tab of unit properties.